Tobacco Zones around the
Although many countries have tried to grow tobacco, the appropriate
weather conditions still can not be reproduced in a laboratory. The
productions obtained in Mexico, Cuba and the Dominican Republic
are no doubt the most appreciated in the world.
The tobacco plant of
Don M. Blanco cigars is cultivated in Veracruz México in San Andres,
The original tobacco plant possessed
only three varieties in the Nature: Virginica, Brasilensis and Habanensis.
Later experiments carried out in different regions and by different
professionals, gave origin to multiple varieties which were the result of
crossings, hybridization and adaptations of a particular species to the
different growing areas. The distinction among the varieties that emerged
is basically connected to the place of origin of the seed, its adaptation
to the land and climate, and more radically to the treatment that the leaf
receives in the fermentation process.
Tobacco apt for the production of fine cigars must be either air dried, or
dried in humidity and temperature controlled chambers. Other varieties may
be sun dried but in all cases the leaf must be fermented.
The tobacco’s acidity level is set by the fermentation and the degree of
difference is fundamental in the determination of its quality. Therefore,
tobacco called “ligero” needs more fermentation than “volado“ (“ligero”
and “volado” being basic types of filler tobacco), and tobacco destined
for the “wrapper” requires a more delicate process or semi-fermentation
process which, according to the type of leaf, will preserve its resistance
and natural elasticity.
The fermentation process of the
leaves also makes them lose a great part of their nicotine.
Also, there are controlled crossings in different countries being
constantly carried out in order to obtain derived species of a larger size,
more resistance and better productivity. The dedication of different
professionals in many countries around the world has led to the
development of different strains that have improved the efficiency and the
qualities of the best varieties, and has obtained the alchemic formula
that a perfect tobacco leaf requires, whose final destination is the
production of a premium cigar.